Note: Travel to any
destination may be adversely affected by conditions including (but not limited)
to security, entry and exit requirements, health conditions, local laws and
culture, natural disasters and climate. Regardless of your destination,
check your local travel advisory board or department for travel advice
about that location when planning your trip and again shortly before you leave.
When to go:
Year-round. There is an active dry suit and ice diving season.
Marine Life Seasons:
Spring is fish spawning season.
When to Get the Best Deals:
The primary dive season runs from June to September so you can find great deals during early Spring and early Autumn.
What to Pack:
The diving is either semidry suit or dry suit diving all year. Cold water equipment is essential.
3-8° C/37-46° F in the Winter and 17-23° C/63-73° F in the Summer.
-15-8° C/5-46° F in the Winter and 14-30° C/57-86° F in the Summer.
Euro (EUR). Credit cards are partly accepted.
Passports and electronic visas are required from most countries outside the European Union. Check with your local immigration service for visa requirements. Electronic Visas can be acquired online for a small fee.
Included in the airfare.
What to Eat:
There are many restaurants and a wide variety of food choices and many places offer local German (home cooked) food. Seafood is popular in the north close to the Baltic and North Sea. In the Southern areas like Bavaria, you can expect the famous German dishes such as schweinshaxe, eisbein and schweinsbraten. Popular fast food is the well-known "Bratwurst or Currywurst with French Fries", which can be found at almost all street corners.
What to Drink:
The Old Town areas of main cities offer fine local beers and hearty food. Meeting at the local pub for a beer with your mates is a national pastime. There are also many established grape growing regions that produce internationally recognized wines. German white wines have a particularly good reputation.
Skiing and hiking – in addition to a variety of watersports – are all popular German activities.. Metropolitan centers have a strong cosmopolitan air, with sophisticated shopping venues available. Visitors can get a taste of traditional German culture by following in the footsteps of famous German poets and sophisticates such as Goethe, Schiller and Mann, spending time in the age old university cities in Germany or visit the castles in the Southern regions, e.g. "Schloss Neuschwanstein".
Customs and Culture:
Travel – at least one holiday abroad every year – is a dominate feature of the German character. Moreover, traditional German virtues such as promptness, precision and discipline are still main directives for life for many, but are gradually fading in this European melting pot of cultural heritages. An evening spent in a local pub (kneipe) is still very popular and part of a German´s social life.
From film festivals to opera to live music and festivals, you’ll find something for everyone. Look into the local city guides to see what’s going on when you’re traveling.
Electricity and Internet:
Standard electricity is 230 volts +/- 10% and 50 Hz. Plug type C (Europlug) and F (Schuko). Internet is widely available.
Drink the water?
Water is safe to drink.
Iconic Marine Life
Iconic Marine Life
The northern pike (Esox lucius) has pale, bean-shaped spots on the body and lacks scales on the lower parts of the gill covers. It is a fairly common, prized game fish with a maximum size and weight of about 1.4 metres /4.5 feet and 21 kilograms/46 pounds. As solitary hunters, they lie motionless in the water or lurk in a clump of weeds. As prey comes within reach they lunge and seize it. They usually eat small fish, insects and aquatic invertebrates, but larger forms also take waterfowl and small mammals. They spawn in weedy shallows from late winter through spring.
Carp (various species of freshwater fish in the Cyprinidae family) are very adaptable and can be found in rivers, lakes, ponds and reservoirs throughout Germany.
Being predominantly bottom feeders, carp sift through the mud, silt and weeds especially in warmer shallows. Bloodworms, along with snails, crayfish, insect larva (and almost any other aquatic insect or creature or invertebrate), are their staple food items.
Trout is the name for a number of species of fish, most of which live in freshwater lakes and/or rivers exclusively (although there are some others like Rainbow trout, which live in a combination of fresh and salt water).
The European catfish or river catfish (Silurus glanis) is the largest purely freshwater fish in Europe. Next to Aristotle's catfish (Silurus aristotelis) it's the only European species of the real catfish family. Mainly nocturnal and crepuscular (active at twilight and dawn), these predators feed on primarily fish, but also consume invertebrates, small water birds and mammals. Their activity is strongly dependent on temperature and availability of prey.
These fish inhabit freshwater throughout the entire northern hemisphere and live in brackish watering the Baltic Sea. Perch feed off carnivorous aquatic insects, worms, crustaceans and fish spawning.
This fish grows up to 60 centimeters/2 feet and has a maximum recorded weight of 6.7 kilograms/14.8 pounds. The grayling prefers cold, clean, running riverine waters, but also lives in lakes and occasionally in the brackish waters around the Baltic Sea. Omnivorous, the fish feeds on vegetable matter, as well as crustaceans, insects and spiders, mollusks, zooplankton, and smaller fishes.
Commonly found in the ocean (although they have been spotted in some fresh water lakes), these fish have no scales, although some species have bony armor plates. They are related to pipefish and
The freshwater species were trapped in freshwater lakes in Europe, Asia and North America after the ice age, and have evolved different features from the ocean variety. They feed on small crustaceans and fish larvae.
The two most important species of cod are the Atlantic cod and the Pacific cod. However, Gadus morhua callarias is a low salinity, non-migratory form of cod restricted to parts of the Baltic Sea. Cod is popular as a food with a mild flavor and a dense, flaky white flesh. Young Atlantic cod or haddock prepared in strips for cooking is called scrod.
The European plaice is a commercially important right-eyed flounder found on the sandy bottoms of the European shelf from the Barents Sea to the Mediterranean. They feed on polychaetes, crustaceans and bivalves and can be found at depths up to 200 metres/656 feet. At night they move into shallow waters to feed, and during the day they bury themselves in the sand. Their maximum recorded length is 1 metre/39 inches and maximum reported age 50 years. Together with sole, European plaice are the most important flatfish in Europe.
The Baltic Sea (Ostsee):
The maritime scuba diving in Germany´s coastal regions concentrates on the Baltic Sea. Sea anemones, cod and plaice are the permanent residents of this sea. Greenish, slightly salty seawater and shallow bays draw the typical picture of the Baltic Sea.
Between the northern German towns of Stade and Cuxhaven this 60-metre/197-foot deep lake boasts brilliant visibility. This former opencast chalk mine for cement production is one of the dive locations in northern Germany. Underwater, divers can admire several old buildings and beautiful slopes.
Mecklenburgische Seenplatte (Müritz):
The Mecklenburg Lake is one of the three great lakes areas south of the Baltic Sea in northeastern Germany. There are several natural parks and lakes with a unique flora and fauna such as the Müritz, the Plau, the Fleesensee, the Narrow Luzin, the Tollensee and Kölpinsee.
The lake is located east of Markranstadt and west of Leipzig Lausen-Grunau. The lake is considered one of the 10 best in Germany due to the visibility and underwater life. It attracts divers from all over Germany and Europe. The maximum depth is 36 metres/118 feet.
The Sundhäuser See is a lake produced by gravel mining in Sundhausen, a district of Nordhausen in Thuringia on the southern edge of the Harz.
With good visibility and varied underwater world, Lake Sundhäuser is perfect for diving. There are several access points partially suitable for beginners but, for longer distances you can rent a boat.
To dive, you have to register in advance at one of the dive centers, one of which is located between the Sundhäuser See and the Forellensee. Diving is popular in the Sundhäuser See and divers can reach depths of 38 meters/125 feet deep.
Echinger Weiher (Munich):
The Echinger Weiher is 100 by 250 metres/328 by 820 feet with 9-metre/30-foot maximum depth. There are two platforms – one at 4.5 metres/15 feet and one at 6 metres/20 feet.
The pond never freezes in winter, but never gets terribly warm in the summer. It usually has very good visibility with beautiful underwater vegetation and whitefish, carp, trout and char sightings.
The Lake of Constance (Bodensee):
Diving is one of the most popular activities at the Lake of Constance. Whether diving the adventurous cliffs at the "Devil's Table" (Teufelstisch) or cruising by cozy, fish-rich sand piles, Lake Constance has plenty to offer. The lake does have some steep slopes and unexpected currents, so beginning divers should check with the local dive center and stay within the limits of their training. The maximum depth is far beyond recreational dive limits and visibility is typically average.
This dive site is accessible by boat and has a blasted bunker from World War II.
Has remains of lake dwellings (Pfahlbauten) from prehistoric times and a wreck at 4 meters/13 feet.
Marie Canyon (Marienschlucht) Wallenhausen:
This area has a partial overhanging cliff, caves and slopes on the southern shore of Lake Überlingen. On land this is a nature reserve and underwater is one of the most beautiful dive sites in Lake Constance. It is accessible only by boat.
The Jura wreck in Lake Constance:
This 42 metre/138 foot wooden paddle steamer wreck is Germany's most famous fresh water wreck. It lies at 40 metres/131 feet and you must book a trip through local dive centers.
Teufelstisch Wallenhausen (wall at the Marie Canyon):
This needle shaped rock falls vertically from 0.5 metres/2 feet to almost 100 metres/328 feet – well beyond recreational dive limits. Diving here is only allowed with special permission.
The Biggesee is located between Attendorn in the north and Olpe in the south. This dam provides both drinking water and power for the Ruhr area. Depth depends on water usage and the maximum depth is 42 metres/138 feet when full.
Visibility varies from 1-10 metres/3-33 feet with the best visibility during the summer stagnation (from about mid-May) and winter stagnation (from about the beginning of December). During fall and spring, mixing water layers reduces the visibility.
North of Eschweiler near Aachen, the artificial Blausteinsee is a well-known popular dive site. The biologically young was created by lignite mining and covers approximately 100 hectares and gets to 46 metres/151 feet deep. Divers can see cnidarians, crustaceans, aquatic snails, amphibians and swarms of fish like the rudd, roach and perch.
The Edertalsperre (also called Ederstausee) is one of Germany's largest drinking water reservoirs with 11.8 square kilometers/7.3 square miles of water surface and with 199.3 million cubic meters/653.9 million cubic feet of storage space. Located on the Fulda river inflow (Eder) behind the 48 metre/158 foot high dam of the Ederstausee, it is close to the main town of Waldeck in Waldeck-Frankenberg (Northern Hessen). The maximum depth is 37 metres/121 feet and it has marked dive zones, with mostly moderate visibility.
The Möhnesee is a water reservoir in the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen. The lake covers approximately 1037 hectares and has a maximum depth of 36 metres/118 feet with mostly moderate visibility. Local dive school and dive clubs use the Möhnesee for dive activities throughout the year.